Russia has a negative growth rate of on average over the last 15 years of -.5%. This means that the death rate is outpacing the birthrate, which is true, as in 2011 there were 1,533,000 births and 2,225,000 deaths. This not only means that Russia probably has an aging (and dying) population, but that the population is only being sustained by immigration. As you can see from the graph below (from http://www.census.gov/ipc/www/idb/country.php), most of the population is over 50 years old. This means that Russia is a post industrial nation in terms of population.